- When you explore the topic, narrow or broaden your target while focusing on something that gives the most promising results.
- Do not choose an enormous subject if you need to submit at least 25 pages if you have to write a 3 page long paper, and broaden your topic sufficiently.
- Consult your class instructor (as well as your classmates) in regards to the topic.
- Find primary and sources that are secondary the library.
- Read and critically analyse them.
- Take notes.
- Compile surveys, collect data, gather materials for quantitative analysis (if these are good solutions to investigate the topic more deeply).
- Come up with new ideas concerning the topic. Try to formulate your opinions in a few sentences.
- Write a outline that is short of future paper.
- Review your notes along with other materials and enrich the outline.
- Attempt to estimate the length of time the individual parts will be.
- It is helpful if you can talk about your intend to a few friends (brainstorming) or even your professor.
- Do others understand what you want to express?
- Do they accept it as new knowledge or important and relevant for a paper?
- Do they concur that your thoughts will result in a paper that is successful?
Methods, Thesis, and Hypothesis
- Qualitative: gives answers on questions (how, why, when, who, what, etc.) by investigating an issue
- Quantitative:requires data together with analysis of data as well
- The essence, the true point for the research paper in a single or two sentences.
- a statement that may be proved or disproved.
Clarity, Precision, and Academic Expression
- Be specific.
- Avoid ambiguity.
- Use predominantly the voice that is active not the passive.
- Deal with one issue in one paragraph.
- Be accurate.
- Double-check important computer data, references, citations and statements.
- Don’t use style that is familiar colloquial/slang expressions.
- Write in full sentences.
- Check the concept of the text if you do not know exactly what they mean.
- Avoid metaphors.
- Write a outline that is detailed.
- Almost the content that is rough of paragraph.
- The order regarding the topics that are various your paper.
- On the basis of the outline, start writing a part by planning the information, and write it down then.
- Put a mark that is visiblethat you will later delete) in which you have to quote a source, and write within the citation whenever you finish writing that part or a more impressive part.
- When you are ready with a lengthier part, read it loud for yourself or somebody else.
- Does the text make sense?
- Can you explain what you wanted?
- Did you write sentences that are good?
- Will there be something missing?
- Check the spelling.
- Complete the citations, bring them in standard format.
- Adjust margins, spacing, paragraph indentation, place of page numbers, etc.
- Standardize the bibliography or footnotes in accordance with the guidelines.
- Weak organization
- Poor development and support of ideas
- Weak usage of secondary sources
- Excessive errors
- Stylistic weakness
- Be organized and systematic(e.g. keep your bibliography neat and organized; write your notes in a neat way, so as possible see them later on.
- Make use of your critical thinking ability when you read.
- Take note of your thoughts (so them later) that you can reconstruct.
- Stop when you have a really good notion and think of whether you can enlarge it to a complete research paper. If yes, take considerably longer notes.
- Whenever you jot down a quotation or summarize some other person’s thoughts in your notes or in the paper, cite the foundation (i.e. take note of the writer, title, publication place, year, page number).
- In the event that you quote or summarize a thought from the web, cite the source that is internet.
- Write a plan this is certainly detailed enough to remind you in regards to the content.
- Write in full sentences.
- Read your paper for yourself or, preferably, some other person.
- Once you finish writing, look at the spelling;
- Utilize the citation form (MLA, Chicago, or any other) that your particular instructor requires and use it everywhere.
- Cite your source every time whenever you quote a part of somebody’s work.
- Cite your source every right time once you summarize a thought from somebody’s work.
- Cite your source every time when you use a source (quote or summarize) from the web.
Use the guidelines that the instructor requires (MLA, Chicago, APA, Turabian, etc.).
When collecting materials, selecting research topic, and writing the paper:
Plagiarism: some other person’s words or ideas presented without citation by an author
Consult the Citing Sources research guide for further details.